Eamon de Valera - 3rd President of Ireland.
August 29, 1975
Eamon DeValera, Irish statesman, died
Eamon de Valera (born Edward George de Valera, sometimes Gaelicised Eamonn de Bhaileara; October 14, 1882 ? August 29, 1975), was an Irish politician, best known as a leader of Ireland's struggle for independence from Britain in the early 20th Century, and the Republican anti-Treaty opposition in the ensuing Irish Civil War.
At various times a mathematician, teacher and a politician, he served as Irish head of government on three occasions, as second President of the Executive Council (original name for the prime minister) and the first Taoiseach (prime ministerial title after 1937). He ended his political career as President of Ireland, serving two terms from 1959 until 1973. Eamon de Valera was also the Chancellor of the National University of Ireland from 1922 until 1975.
Revered and despised in equal measure throughout Ireland, during his lifetime and posthumously, Eamon de Valera is generally regarded as the most influential person in the history of 20th Century Ireland.
What else happened today on August 29
- August 29, 1729
- Birth of David La Touche, banking magnate and MP
- August 29, 1797
- "Battle of Tranent" in which a demonstration against conscription under the Militia Act was broken up by the Cinque Ports Dragoons and East Lothian Yeomanry with the death of, 12 participants.
- August 29, 1798
- Cornwallis reaches Tuam
- August 29, 1803
- Samuel Neilson, co-founder of the United Irishmen, dies
- August 29, 1844
- Death of Edmund Ignatius Rice, founder of the Irish Christian Brothers Order
- August 29, 1871
- Birth of Jack B. Yeats, painter and author, in London
- August 29, 1890
- The Science and Art Museum and The National Library of Ireland open
- August 29, 1930
- Island of St Kilda evacuated.