Today in Celtic History ! Today in Celtic History

April 24, 1916

Easter Monday.

April 24, 1916

On Easter Monday, the Irish Volunteers and Citizen Army seize the General Post Office (GPO) in Dublin and demand Irish sovereignty

The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca) was a rebellion staged in Ireland against British rule on Easter Monday in April 1916. Despite its military failure, it can be judged as being a significant stepping-stone in the eventual creation of the Irish Republic.

The rising was the most significant since the rebellion of 1798. It was an attempt by militant republicans to violently force independence from the United Kingdom. The Irish Republican revolutionary attempt occurred from April 24 to April 30, 1916, in which a part of the Irish Volunteers led by school teacher and barrister Pádraig Pearse and the smaller Irish Citizen Army of James Connolly seized key locations in Dublin and proclaimed an Irish Republic independent of Britain. The Rising was suppressed and its leaders executed.

The event is seen as a key turning point on the road to Irish independence, as it marked a split between physical-force republicanism and mainstream non-violent nationalism represented by the Irish Parliamentary Party under John Redmond. Redmond, through democratic parliamentary politics had won an initial stage of Irish self-government within the United Kingdom, granted through the Third Home Rule Act 1914. This Act, limited by the fact that it partitioned Ireland into Northern Ireland and "Southern Ireland", was placed on the statute books in September 1914, but suspended for the duration of World War I. It ultimately became enacted under the Government of Ireland Act, 1920.

However, by then Irish nationalism was dominated by militant Republican politics that had been espoused by the Easter 1916 rebels. Surviving officers of the uprising (including Eamon de Valera, Cathal Brugha, and Michael Collins) went on to organise the Irish War of Independence from 1919-1921 which resulted in the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 and independence for 26 of Ireland's 32 counties. The executed leaders of the Easter Rising are venerated in the Irish Republican tradition as martyrs and as founders of the Irish Republic.

  • 4/24/1558

    April 24, 1558

    Mary, Queen of Scots, married French Dauphin, Francis Valois (he was aged 14) at Notre Dame in Paris.

  • 4/24/1567

    April 24, 1567

    First printed book ever published in Gaelic. It was "Forms of Prayer and Administration of the Sacraments and Catechism of the Christian Faith," translated from English by Bishop John Carsewell of the Isles.

  • 4/24/1596

    April 24, 1596

    Pacificatie of Ireland drawn

  • 4/24/1633

    April 24, 1633

    Warrant issued by the Privy Council to Sir John Hepburn to raise a regiment of 1,200 men to fight in the French service. The corps ultimately became the First Regiment of Foot, The Royal Scots.

  • 4/24/1718

    April 24, 1718

    Nathaniel Hone, portrait painter, is born in Dublin

  • 4/24/1764

    April 24, 1764

    Thomas Emmet, nationalist and brother of Robert Emmet, is born in Dublin

  • 4/24/1825

    April 24, 1825

    Novelist R M Ballantyne, who wrote 90 books, the best known of which was "The Coral Island," was born in Edinburgh.

  • 4/24/1857

    April 24, 1857

    William Thompson, journalist, is born in Derry/Londonderry

  • 4/24/1906

    April 24, 1906

    Son of an Irish father, William Joyce aka 'Lord Haw-Haw'; fascist and broadcaster of Nazi propaganda in World War II is born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 4/24/1912

    April 24, 1912

    Irish novelist, historian and politician, Justin McCarthy, dies

  • 4/24/1913

    April 24, 1913

    Large supply of guns from Germany are landed at Larne for the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)

  • 4/24/1949

    April 24, 1949

    Chocolate and sweets were no longer rationed, a measure introduced at the start of World War 2. However, demand was so great that it had to be re-introduced.