May 26, 1063
England invades Wales.
After the collapse of the Roman Empire in Britain during 410, Wales became divided into several kingdoms. Attempts by the Anglo-Saxon tribes to invade these kingdoms failed due to the fierce resistance of its people and its mountainous terrain.
The eastern lands lost to English settlement became known in Welsh as Lloegyr, the 'lost lands', and eventually became the modern Welsh name for England. The Anglo-Saxons, in turn, labelled the Romano-British as Walha, meaning 'foreigner' or 'stranger'. The Welsh countinued to call themselves as Brythoniaid (Britons) until as late as the 12th century, though the first use of Cymru and y Cymry were recorded as early as 633 by Aneirin. In the Armes Prydain written in about 930, the use of Cymry and Cymro was used as often as 15 times.
Following the Norman conquest of England in 1066, the independence of Wales was gradually eroded. In 1282, Edward I of England defeated Llywelyn the Last, Wales's last independent Prince, in battle. Edward constructed a series of great stone castles in order to keep the Welsh under control.
What else happened today on May 26
- May 26, 1424
- The parliament convened by King James I approved the arrest of a number of the Scottish nobility and also banned the playing of football.
- May 26, 1562
- Following his submission to Elizabeth at Whitehall in January, Shane O'Neill returns to Ireland on this date
- May 26, 1650
- Oliver Cromwell leaves Ireland on board the frigate President Bradshaw. His deputy and son-in-law, Henry Ireton takes control of the Irish campaign and captures Birr Castle
- May 26, 1798
- The rebels are defeated at Tara Hill; this marks the end of the rebellion in Co. Meath. Rebellion begins in Co. Wexford. Fr. John Murphy and local people confront the Camolin yeomanry at The Harrow. Thomas Bookey, Lieutenant of the yeomanry, is killed
- May 26, 1867
- Michael Barrett from Kesh, Co. Fermanagh is executed for his part in the explosion at Clerkenwell Gaol. From all the evidence, it is likely he is not guilty. He is the last man to be publicly hanged in England.
- May 26, 1867
- Mary is crowned queen of Gt. Britain & Northern Ireland
- May 26, 1873
- Trinity College Dublin abolishes all remaining religious restrictions for entry, with the exception of the Faculty of Divinity
- May 26, 1897
- First publication of Dracula, written by Dublin man Abraham ‘Bram’ Stoker
- May 26, 1909
- Birth of football player, coach and manager Sir Matt Busby . He was manager of Manchester United Football Club, 1945-69, winner of European Cup, 1968.
- May 26, 1914
- Actor Archie Duncan (known for his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes) born Glasgow.
- May 26, 1950
- Petrol rationing, introduced during WW2, was ended.
- May 26, 1995
- In the opening game of their Rugby World Cup programme, Scotland defeated Ivory Coast, 89-0. Skipper Gavin Hastings scored a world record, 44 points.